I’ve mentioned them before, but the folks at Food 411 send out fabulous newsletters every month jam-packed with cool food info. If you like learning about the history and origins of food, you’ll love Food 411. And no…they don’t pay me to say this! I don’t even think they know about my blog. It’s just a really cool thing that I wanted to share
When the weather is cold and blustery, nothing is better than a hot bowl of oatmeal!
- Did you know? Oats were the last of the major cereal grains to be domesticated and they originated as weeds that grew within cultivated fields of various other crops.
- Oats were a lowly horse food for the Romans, even today, less than 5% of the oats now grown commercially are for human consumption.
Horses can run pretty fast, maybe it’s the oats?
From Food 411′s November Newsletter:
Varieties of Oats
Oat groats, or whole oats: The least processed, only the outer hull is removed. Very nutritious, but need to be cooked and/or soaked for a long period of time. Oat groats are chewy, nutty-tasting grains similar to wheat berries; they make a good substitute for rice in soups and stews
Oat bran: The outer casing that is removed from the groats. The bran is particularly high in soluble fiber. Oat bran is very versatile, and can be used with groats or alone, and as an addition to baking recipes, or even raw in shakes.
Steel-cut oats, or Irish oats: Groats that have been chopped into small pieces. They have a firmer texture than rolled oats. Steel-cut oats have a mild flavor & a starchy texture; and can be substituted for rice in pilaf or risotto or used as a delicious topping for salads
Rolled oats, or old-fashioned oats: Commonly called oatmeal These are oat groats that are steamed and flattened with huge rollers so that they cook quicker, in about 5 to 15 minutes. They are a great binder for meat loaf and can be used in stuffing for chicken or turkey.
Quick oats: These are groats that have been cut into several pieces before being steamed and rolled into thinner flakes, thus reducing the cooking time to 3-5 minutes. While they cook quicker, any oat aficionado will tell you that they lack the hearty texture and nutty flavor of the less-processed varieties.
Instant oats: These are made by chopping groats into tiny pieces, precooking them, drying them, then smashing them with a big roller. They need only be mixed with a hot liquid. They usually have flavorings and salt added. All of this processing removes all traces of the original texture and rich flavor of the groats.
Oat flour: Oat flour is made from groats that have been ground into a powder, and contains no gluten so it does not rise like wheat flour. It can also be made at home by grinding rolled oats into a powder in a blender. It has a delicate texture that will produce moist & tender baked goods.
Oatmeal Mix-in Ideas:
- Sliced peaches, brown sugar, and cinnamon.
- Sliced banana, vanilla yogurt, and chopped walnuts.
- Diced apple, chopped prunes, and a sprinkle of cinnamon.
- Peanut butter, raisins, and honey.
- Sliced banana, dried cranberries, and shredded coconut.
- Dark chocolate chips and peanut butter (tastes like Reese’s!).
- Canned pumpkin, cinnamon, and brown sugar.
My favorite oatmeal recipes:
Question: What’s your favorite thing to add to oatmeal?
P.S. Pressed for time? Check out this article on how to actually run your errands!